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The performance of mining in the coming decades will be decisive in pointing out the direction of Brazil's development. After all, our country is one of the most important global players in this industry. There are, however, many issues, present and future, which need to be thoroughly discussed, especially those that require more accurate reflection from the point of view of law.

With this in mind, the Brazilian Mining Institute (IBRAM) held the 3rd edition of the International Congress on Mining Law (DIRMIN) from May 8 to 10, 2017 in Brasília (DF). The event was at the EAGU and had the partnership of the National Department of Mineral Production (DNPM) and the General Law of the Union (AGU).

The most renowned specialists in the mining sector and related areas were side by side with public authorities, jurists and consultants to promote a broad discussion, involving themes of great repercussion.

The central objective of the Congress was to outline the outlook and debate perspectives of the mining industry, as well as provide a broad view of Brazilian and international mining and legal issues involving the activity in Brazil and in other countries. During the event, decisions and interpretations of the Brazilian Justice were discussed, as well as obstacles to the development of the activities inherent to the sector.

The Congress was also an opportunity for Law professionals and many others who are related to the mining area to deepen their knowledge about the performance of this important productive segment, which directly influences the daily life of citizens, as well as the economy as one.

Mining in the lives of Brazilians

Ores are essential to modern life and innovation projects that benefit everyone. They are present in airplanes, automobiles, cell phones and computers; in equipment that helps build houses, schools, hospitals and roads and in machines used in agriculture and in various industrial sectors.

The mining industry is one of the main generators of direct and indirect jobs in Brazil. There are about 2.7 million workers involved in the activity and it is also notable for contributing decisively to generating surpluses to the Brazilian trade balance.

In addition, it contributes decisively to regional development. The mining activity carried out in distant regions of large urban centers stimulates the creation of development poles, generating employment, income and infrastructure for the populations, according to the premises of sustainable development.

In mining cities and in the surroundings, mining companies can be considered agents of promotion of quality of life and positive social, cultural and economic indicators. So much so that municipalities that host industries in the sector have high Human Development Indexes (HDI).

The mineral industry also contributes decisively to generate surpluses to the Brazilian trade balance. Brazil exported in 2016 more than 300 million tons of mineral goods, and generated in foreign currency, US $ FOB 21.6 billion. This represented 11.6% of Brazil's total exports, and 33% of the trade balance.

The extractive industry also has a fundamental participation in Gross Domestic Product and represents 4.3% of all Brazilian GDP and 16.9% of Brazilian Industrial GDP, according to IBGE 2013 data.


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